- Product name
Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Assay Kit (JC-1)
- Application notes
Abbkine Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Assay Kit (JC-1) provides a simple method for distinguishing between healthy and apoptotic cells by detecting the changes in the mitochondrial transmembrane potential, based on a carbocyanine dye, JC-1. In healthy cells, this dye accumulates and aggregates in the mitochondria, where it forms bright red fluorescent agglomerates. Any event that dissipates the mitochondrial membrane potential prevents the accumulation of the JC-1 dye in the mitochondria and thus, the dye remains in the cytoplasm in its monomer form, leading to a shift from red (agglomerated JC-1, Ex/Em = 585/590 nm) to green fluorescence (JC-1 monomers, Ex/Em = 510/527 nm). JC-1 can be used as an indicator of mitochondrial potential in a variety of cell types, including myocytes and neurons, as well as in intact tissues and isolated mitochondria. This kit contains CCCP that causes an uncoupling of the proton gradient, which established during the normal activity of electron carriers in the electron transport chain, and thus, dissipates the mitochondrial electrochemical potential and may be used as a control that prevents JC-1 aggregation.
- Kit components
• JC-1 Stain
• CCCP (10 mM)
• Assay Buffer (5×)
- Features & Benefits
• Measure mitochondrial membrane potential as an indicator of cell health.
• Use JC-1, a fluorescent, lipophilic, cationic dye.
• Red fluorescence indicates healthy mitochondria and green fluorescence indicates mitochondria in poor health.
• Optimized for flow cytometery or fluorescent microscopy.
• Contain CCC (Potent mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation uncoupler).
- Usage notes
• JC-1 Stain is difficult to prepare due to its low solubility. Make sure JC-1 Stain is completely thawed and warmed to room temperature before using.
• JC-1 Stain is light senstive. Incubations need to be done in the dark.
- Storage instructions
Refer to list of materials supplied for storage conditions of individual components. Stable for at least 12 months at recommended temperature from date of shipment.
Gel pack with blue ice.
The product listed herein is for research use only and is not intended for use in human or clinical diagnosis. Suggested applications of our products are not recommendations to use our products in violation of any patent or as a license. We cannot be responsible for patent infringements or other violations that may occur with the use of this product.
Mitochondria, the site of most energy production in eukaryotic cells, have a double membrane structure: an outer membrane and a folded inner membrane. Across the inner membrane of intact mitochondria there is a voltage gradient with the inside negative and the outside positive. Disruption of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential is one of the earliest intracellular events that occur following induction of apoptosis.
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Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Assay Kit (JC-1)
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Notice:Protocol may vary from different lot which is subject to the manual along with the shipment. Please contact email@example.com for your enquiry.
Here we provide some standard research protocols for bioscience including molecular biology, cell biology, immunology, plant biology, genetics, etc. To our knowledge, customized protocols are not required for most products. So please try the standard protocols listed below and let us know how you get on.
Preparation methods for Biochemical
Biochemical reagents have been widely used in life science fundamental research as buffer, probes, substrates, intermediates and standards, etc. You may optimize or choose proper protocols for your specific assay. However, some of tips and suggestions listed below may be for your reference.
Antibody application protocols
Antibodies are useful not only to detect specific biomolecules but also to measure changes in their level and specificity of modification by processes such as phosphorylation, methylation, or glycosylation. Here show some protocols and troubleshooting tips on how to get the best from our antibodies.
- ♦ Antibody Western Blotting (WB) protocol
- ♦ Antibody Immunohistochemistry (IHC) protocol
- ♦ Antibody Immunofluorescence (IF) protocol
- ♦ Antibody Immunoprecipitation (IP) protocol
- ♦ Antibody Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA) protocol
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Synthetic peptides, native or recombinant proteins can be used for medical, academic and research purposes, such as gene therapy, drug screening, antibody production, cell function analysis. Here, we provide some of tips and suggestions for your reference.
- ♦ Handling and storage suggestion for peptides and protein
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Commonly used assay kits guidelines
Assay kits that are simple and convenient to use, which are superior in performance and require little to no time for assay optimization. Further details of specific products which are needed for individual protocols are given in the protocols themselves in booklet.
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