|Product name||Rat Pentosidine (PTD) ELISA Kit|
|Applications notes||This Rat Pentosidine (PTD) ELISA Kit employs a two-site sandwich ELISA to quantitate PTD in samples. An antibody specific for PTD has been pre-coated onto a microplate. Standards and samples are pipetted into the wells and anyPTD present is bound by the immobilized antibody. After removing any unbound substances, a biotin-conjugated antibody specific for PTD is added to the wells. After washing, Streptavidin conjugated Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) is added to the wells. Following a wash to remove any unbound avidin-enzyme reagent, a substrate solution is added to the wells and color develops in proportion to the amount of PTD bound in the initial step. The color development is stopped and the intensity of the color is measured.|
|SampleType||Cell culture supernatants, Other biological fluids, Plasma, Serum|
|Assay type||Sandwich ELISA (quantitative)|
|Assay duration||Multiple steps standard sandwich ELISA assay with a working time of 3-5 hours. It depends on the experience of the operation person.|
|Kit components||• Rat Pentosidine microplate
• Rat Pentosidine standard
• Rat Pentosidine detect antibody
• Standard diluent
• Assay buffer
• HRP substrate
• Stop solution
• Wash buffer
• Plate covers
|Features & Benefits||Rat Pentosidine (PTD) ELISA Kit has high sensitivity and excellent specificity for detection of Rat PTD. No significant cross-reactivity or interference between Rat PTD and analogues was observed.|
|Calibration range||Please inquire|
|Limit of detection||Please inquire|
|Usage notes||• Do not mix components from different kit lots or use reagents beyond the kit expiration date.
• Allow all reagents to warm to room temperature for at least 30 minutes before opening.
• Pre-rinse the pipet tip with reagent, use fresh pipet tips for each sample, standard and reagent to avoid contamination.
• Unused wells must be kept desiccated at 4 °C in the sealed bag provided.
• Mix Thoroughly is very important for the result. It is recommended using low frequency oscillator or slight hand shaking every 10 minutes.
• It is recommended that all samples and standards be assayed in duplicate or triplicate.
|Storage instructions||The unopened kit should be stored at 2 - 8°C. After opening, please store refer to protocols.|
|Shipping||Gel pack with blue ice.|
|Precautions||The product listed herein is for research use only and is not intended for use in human or clinical diagnosis. Suggested applications of our products are not recommendations to use our products in violation of any patent or as a license. We cannot be responsible for patent infringements or other violations that may occur with the use of this product.|
|Background||Pentosidine is a well characterized and easily detected member of this large class of compounds. AGEs are biochemicals formed continuously under normal circumstances, but more rapidly under a variety of stresses, especially oxidative stress and hyperglycemia. They serve as markers of stress and act as toxins themselves. Pentosidine is typical of the class, except that it fluoresces, which allows it to be seen and measured easily. Because it is well characterized, it is often studied to provide new insight into the biochemistry of AGE compounds in general. Derived from ribose, a pentose, pentosidine forms fluorescent cross-links between the arginine and lysine residues in collagen. It is formed in a reaction of the amino acids with the Maillard reaction products of ribose. In patients with Diabetes mellitus type 2, pentosidine correlates with the presence and severity of diabetic complications.|
Fig.1. Rat Pentosidine (PTD) Standard Curve.
Fig.2. Abbkine ELISA kit is series of sandwich ELISA to quantitate specific protein in samples.