- Product name
Human IL- 12 (IL-12A & IL-12B) protein
Amino acid sequence derived from p35 subunit of human IL-12, termed as IL12A (NP_000873.2) (Met 1-Ser 219) was fused with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus, constructed the plasmid 1 ; Amino acid sequence derived from p40 subunit of human IL-12, termed as IL12B (NP_002178.2) (Met 1-Ser 328) was fused with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus, constructed the plasmid 2. The two plasmids were co-expressed and the heterodimer was purified.
1. Measured by its ability to bind biotinylated recombinant human IL12RB1 in a functional ELISA.
2. Measured in a cell proliferation assay using Anti-CD28 and Anti-CD3 stimulated PBMC. The ED50 for this effect is typically 0.1-0.6 ng/mL.
- Protein length
The recombinant IL12 heterodimer of human IL12A/IL12B comprises 525 (208 + 317) amino acids and has a calculated molecular mass of 60.2 (24 + 36.2) kDa. The apparent molecular mass of rh IL12 heterodimer is approximately 40 & 43 kDa respectively in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
- Preparation method
> 95 % as determined by SDS-PAGE
Lyophilized from sterile PBS, pH 7.4
- Molecular weight
60.2 (24 + 36.2) kDa
- Usage notes
Always centrifuge tubes before opening. It is recommended to reconstitute the lyophilized Human IL- 12 (IL12A & IL12B Heterodimer) protein in sterile ddH2O not less than 100µg/ml, which can then be further diluted to other aqueous solutions.
- Storage instructions
Lyophilized Human IL- 12 (IL12A & IL12B Heterodimer) protein product should be stored desiccated below -18°C. Upon reconstitution, the protein should be stored at 4°C between 2-7 days and for future use below -18°C. For long term storage it is recommended to add a carrier protein (0.1% HSA or BSA). Please prevent freeze-thaw cycles.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature.
The product listed herein is for research use only and is not intended for use in human or clinical diagnosis. Suggested applications of our products are not recommendations to use our products in violation of any patent or as a license. We cannot be responsible for patent infringements or other violations that may occur with the use of this product.
IL-12 is composed of a bundle of four alpha helices. It is a heterodimeric cytokine encoded by two separate genes, IL-12A (p35) and IL-12B (p40). The active heterodimer (referred to as 'p70'), and a homodimer of p40 are formed following protein synthesis.IL-12 is involved in the differentiation of naive T cells into Th1 cells. It is known as a T cell-stimulating factor, which can stimulate the growth and function of T cells. It stimulates the production of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) from T cells and natural killer (NK) cells, and reduces IL-4 mediated suppression of IFN-γ. T cells that produce IL-12 have a coreceptor, CD30, which is associated with IL-12 activity. IL-12 plays an important role in the activities of natural killer cells and T lymphocytes. IL-12 mediates enhancement of the cytotoxic activity of NK cells and CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes. There also seems to be a link between IL-2 and the signal transduction of IL-12 in NK cells. IL-2 stimulates the expression of two IL-12 receptors, IL-12R-β1 and IL-12R-β2, maintaining the expression of a critical protein involved in IL-12 signaling in NK cells. Enhanced functional response is demonstrated by IFN-γ production and killing of target cells.
- Gene ID
- Alternative names
CLMF; CLMF2; IL-12A; IL-12B; IL12; IMD28; IMD29; NFSK; NKSF; NKSF1; NKSF2; P35; Interleukin-12 subunit alpha & Interleukin-12 subunit beta; IL12A & IL12B
The Endotoxin level is less than 1.0 EU per μg of the protein as determined by the LAL method
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Here we provide some standard research protocols for bioscience including molecular biology, cell biology, immunology, plant biology, genetics, etc. To our knowledge, customized protocols are not required for most products. So please try the standard protocols listed below and let us know how you get on.
Preparation methods for Biochemical
Biochemical reagents have been widely used in life science fundamental research as buffer, probes, substrates, intermediates and standards, etc. You may optimize or choose proper protocols for your specific assay. However, some of tips and suggestions listed below may be for your reference.
Antibody application protocols
Antibodies are useful not only to detect specific biomolecules but also to measure changes in their level and specificity of modification by processes such as phosphorylation, methylation, or glycosylation. Here show some protocols and troubleshooting tips on how to get the best from our antibodies.
- ♦ Antibody Western Blotting (WB) protocol
- ♦ Antibody Immunohistochemistry (IHC) protocol
- ♦ Antibody Immunofluorescence (IF) protocol
- ♦ Antibody Immunoprecipitation (IP) protocol
- ♦ Antibody Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA) protocol
Protein&peptide usage suggestions
Synthetic peptides, native or recombinant proteins can be used for medical, academic and research purposes, such as gene therapy, drug screening, antibody production, cell function analysis. Here, we provide some of tips and suggestions for your reference.
- ♦ Handling and storage suggestion for peptides and protein
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Commonly used assay kits guidelines
Assay kits that are simple and convenient to use, which are superior in performance and require little to no time for assay optimization. Further details of specific products which are needed for individual protocols are given in the protocols themselves in booklet.
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